HONG KONG (Reuters) – HSBC Holdings PLC yesterday said profit grew 5 percent in the six months through June and announced its third share buyback in a year, indicating continued progress in the six-year turnaround plan of Europe’s biggest bank.
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HSBC, like many global banks, spent the years up to the 2008 financial crisis expanding its empire with a string of acquisitions. Recent years have seen it cut jobs and sell assets worldwide to shrink the group back to profitability and maintain dividend payouts in an era of stricter banking regulations.
The bank’s CEO Stuart Gulliver and chairman Douglas Flint are both retiring, leaving a legacy of improving revenue and returning more capital to shareholders, having focused on trimming the bank’s empire and shifting focus to Asia.
The latest share buyback, of up to $2 billion, comes as HSBC uses excess capital to offset the dilutive effect of shares paid out as dividends. It completed a previously announced $1 billion buyback in April.
“The return of capital comes from the fact that the business is very accretive, very profitable – the dividend is 51 cents for the foreseeable future,” HSBC finance director Iain Mackay told Reuters yesterday.
The buyback will, once completed, take the total of HSBC share buybacks since the second half of 2016 to $5.5 billion.
HSBC’s Hong Kong-listed shares rose as much as 3 percent after the announcements, extending gains from about 1 percent in morning trade, while the broader market was trading up 1 percent.
“In the past 12 months we have paid more in dividends than any other European or American bank and returned $3.5 billion to shareholders through share buybacks,” Mr Gulliver said in HSBC’s earnings statement.
HSBC has kept its dividend payout ratio higher than many peers in recent years, including last year when a slowdown in banks’ earnings growth prompted rivals such as Standard Chartered PLC to withhold payments.
HSBC’s dividends totalled $10.1 billion in 2016, $10 billion in 2015 and $9.6 billion in 2014.
For the half-year through June, pre-tax profit rose to $10.2 billion from $9.7 billion in the same period a year earlier, a result that compared with the $9.5 billion average estimate drawn from analysts polled by the bank.
The bank also said its common equity tier 1 ratio – a measure of financial strength – was 14.7 percent at the end of June, from 14.3 percent three months prior, and 12.1 percent in the year-earlier period.
The ratio is set to increase further as the bank repatriates about $8 billion stuck at its US subsidiary, following approval last year from the US Federal Reserve.
The bank, which makes over half of its profit in Asia – the bulk in Hong Kong and China – said pre-tax profit in Asia rose 7 percent in the first half to $7.6 billion, mainly helped by stronger wealth management and insurance revenue in Hong Kong.