At the invitation of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc attended the high-Level International Cooperation Forum “The Belt and the Road “(BRI) for the second time in China, from April 25 – April 27, 2019.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc attended this BRI Forum at the right time with historical significance for the two parties, the two countries and Vietnam – China relations, at the time when the two countries’ relations developed positively, moving to celebrate 70 years of diplomatic relations (January 19, 1950 – 2020). Therefore, the visit has a very important meaning in promoting the stable, healthy and intensive development of the Vietnam–China comprehensive strategic co-operative partnership.
In recent years, Vietnam has achieved many important and comprehensive achievements in all fields. The role, position and international prestige of Vietnam are increasingly enhanced, Vietnam’s relations with partners, including Vietnam-China relations are increasingly consolidated with many effective and effective cooperation. Vietnam has also fulfilled its targets for the task of socio-economic development in the period of 2016-2020, and the innovation career (Doi Moi) has achieved many successes with comprehensive results in most fields.
Independent, self-reliant, active foreign policy, international bilateral and multilateral diplomatic activities of Vietnam have contributed to creating a peaceful and stable environment in the region and the world, creating a favorable condition for economic, trade and investment activities. Vietnam has successfully organized many important diplomatic events, internationally and regionally, especially the success of Vietnam as the host country of the second US-North Korea Summit at Hanoi (02/2019), which has been recognized and appreciated by the international community.
The year 2019 continues to be an important year for both Vietnam and China: Vietnam will launch the process of preparing to organize party congresses at all levels, proceeding to the XIII National Congress of the Communist Party of Vietnam; and China will celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, continuing to accelerate the Reform after a 40-year journey with many landmark achievements. With the effor
ts of both countries, the positive development momentum in Vietnam-China relations will continue to be maintained, bringing “Comprehensive Strategic Cooperation Partnership” to develop stably for the benefit of the people of the two countries, contributing to peace and stability in the region and the world.
President Ho Chi Minh, Chairman Mao Zedong and the senior leaders of both countries have laid a firm foundation, worked hard to build up Vietnam-China relations during the past 69 years (January 18, 1950 – January 18, 2019). This relation is our two nations’ precious common assets that should be preserved, inherited and promoted. The relationship between the two countries, despite experiencing ups and downs, but the friendly cooperation is still the main line, is the only right choice that has important implications for the development of each country. Developing friendly and cooperative relations with China is one of the top priorities in Vietnam’s independent, autonomous, multilateral and diversified foreign policy. Recently, the Vietnam-China cooperation has continued to develop positively.
In 2018, the two sides celebrated 10 years of establishing a comprehensive cooperation partnership; increased high – level delegation exchanges: Vietnam’s Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc attended the first China International Import Expo in Shanghai and had an important meeting with Chinese General Secretary, President Xi Jinping, and twice met Prime Minister Li Keqiang at multilateral forums. On the Chinese side, the member of the Standing Board of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and Secretary of its Commission for Discipline Inspection, Zhao Leji visited Vietnam; the member of the Poliburo of the Communist Party of China (CPC), Vice Premier of China’s State Council Hu Chunhua attended the World Economic Forum on ASEAN in Vietnam; the member of the State Council, Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Yi visited Vietnam twice and had many meetings with Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh at multilateral forums. Many leaders of ministries, departments, and localities of the two countries also made many visits.
Trade cooperation is the highlight of the relationship between the two countries. In 2018, two-way trade turnover between Vietnam and China reached nearly 150 billion USD (according to statistics of China Customs). For 3 consecutive years, Vietnam is China’s largest trading partner in ASEAN, China’s 8th largest trading partner worldwide. China is Vietnam’s leading trade partner continuously for 15 years. In terms of investment, according to the Statistics General Department of Vietnam, the total newly registered investment capital of China in Vietnam in 2018 reached 1.22 billion USD, ranking the 4th among 75 countries and territories. In the first quarter of 2019, China is the largest investor with 723.2 million USD, accounting for 18.9% of the total newly registered capital. To day, more and more Chinese enterprises / corporations tend to shift their investment into Vietnam. Regarding tourism, China continues to lead international visitors to Vietnam with nearly 5 million visitors in 2018 and nearly 1.3 mill
ion visitors in the first quarter of 2019.
People’s exchanges between the two countries have been strengthened with more than 12.8 million people crossing the border between the two countries. The two sides have implemented many measures to build trust, including border exchanges between the two Defense Ministries, exchanges of sea police, deployment of joint exercises between Vietnam and China that contribute to enhancing mutual understanding and political trust.
Regarding the maritime issue, despite many obstacles, the two sides continued to strictly implement the common perception of high-ranking leaders of the two countries; agreeing on the basic principles guiding the handling of maritime issues in Vietnam – China, fully implementing the Declaration on the Conduct of the South China Sea (East Sea) (DOC); well managing disagreements, contributing to extreme for the negotiation process to achieve COC in accordance with international law, especially the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982, contributing to maintaining peace, stability and security in the South China Sea (East Sea) in particular, and in the region in general…
The encouraging results in the Vietnam-China relations over the past time will contribute to the bilateral relations continue to have a new, stronger and more substantive development. The two sides will constantly strive to fully and effectively implement the important common awareness achieved between high-ranking leaders of the two parties and the two countries, continue to maintain high-level visits, strengthen political trust and promote pushing practical cooperation on all fields, expanding people’s exchanges, strengthening the social foundation of bilateral relations; maintaining stable peace in the East Sea and the region, handling satisfactory disagreements. In 2019, bilateral relations will continue to have new developments and there are many important high-level visits, practical cooperation between the two countries will continue to expand to prepare for the 70th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations in 2020.
Embassy of Vietnam in Phnom Penh, Cambodia