SANTIAGO (AFP) – New rules will come into effect, as from August 1, 2018, that reduce the time tourists can stay on the Easter Island from 90 to 30 days.
Despite its isolated location some 3,500 kilometers from the coast of Chile, the island is a popular tourist destination, not least due to its remarkable collection of around 900 unique Moai monumental statues carved by the Rapa Nui people who are believed to have arrived on the remote landmass in the southeastern Pacific Ocean in around the 12th century
However, it is those very tourists, alongside mainland migrants, who have become a threat to the island’s well-being. Chile, which annexed the territory in 1888, has decided to act.
In 2007, Easter Island was designated a special territory while back in March, congress voted to limit the number of tourists and foreign or mainland residents allowed on the island, and the time they’re allowed to stay.
“Foreigners are already taking over the island,” Mayor Pedro Edmunds said, adding that the ruling also covers Chileans as they are not part of the Rapa Nui people and, therefore, considered as foreigners.
At the last census in 2017, there were 7,750 people living on Easter Island, almost double the population of a few decades ago, before the island was hit by a tourism boom and the real estate development that accompanied it.
Mr Edmunds says that number is 3,000 “too many”. “They’re damaging the local idiosyncrasy, the thousand-year culture is changing and not for the good,” he added, saying that “customs from the continent” were infiltrating the island and “that’s not positive.”
All basic services are straining under the pressure, not least waste management, Ana Maria Gutierrez, the local government’s environmental adviser told AFP.
A decade ago the island generated 1.4 metric tons (1.5 US tons) of waste per year per inhabitant, but that figure has almost doubled to 2.5 tons today, with a population that recycles very little.
The new laws, however, impose stricter rules on those who wish to live on the island, amongst them a requirement to be related to someone from the Rapa Nui people: either a parent, partner or child.
Others who will be allowed to stay are public servants, employees of organizations that provide services to the government, and those who develop an independent economic activity alongside their families.
On arrival, tourists must present their hotel reservation or an invitation from a resident.The rules will also establish a yet-to-be-decided maximum capacity.
Rapa Nui are a Polynesian people closely related to those on Tahiti, whereas the majority of Chileans have European ancestry, with a minority of Indigenous peoples.