The Report of China Intellectual Property Development Status Evaluation 2019 shows that the ranking of China’s intellectual property development has improved rapidly
n September 14th, The Report of China Intellectual Property Development Status Evaluation 2019 released by the Intellectual Property Development Research Center of the State Intellectual Property Office of China showed that the global ranking of China’s intellectual property development has jumped rapidly from 20th place in 2014 to 8th place in 2018.
According to the Report, as of 2018, Japan, the United States, South Korea, Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, Finland, China, Sweden and Denmark were ranked the top 10 countries in global intellectual property development.
In terms of intellectual property capacity, China has leaped to fifth place in the world in 2018, ranking only behind the United States, Japan, Switzerland and Finland, and its intellectual property performance ranks third in the world.
All of this reflects China’s increasing-ly stable position as a significant intellectual property country.
Growth rate accelerated significantly As introduced by Han Xiucheng, Director of the Intellectual Property Development Research Center, the national intellectual property develop-ment index takes 2010 as the base year, and sets the comprehensive, creation, utilization, protection and environmental development indexes of 2010 as 100 to calculate national data from 2010 to 2019.
The journalist noticed that these indicators will be adjusted and updated every year to make it more accurate.
In 2019, the index system comprised the four first-class indicators of creation, application, protection and environment, with a total of 46 third-class indicators.
Among them, “the proportion of the added value of patent-intensive industries in GDP” is a new indicator added this year.
This March, the State Intellectual Property Office and the National Bureau of Statistics jointly announced that the added value of China’s patent-intensive industries in 2018 was 10,709 billion yuan, accounting for 11.6% of GDP.
The calculation of the new indexes shows that since 2010, the comprehensive development index of intellectual property in China has achieved a sustained growth trend, and it continued to rise steadily in 2019, reaching 279.
The journalist also noticed that if we take 2013 as the cut-off point, the progress in the field of intellectual property in China is more remarkable in recent years.
Before 2013, the average annual growth rate of China’s intellectual property compre-hensive development index was 5.4%, and after 2013, it reached 15.0%.
Behind the rapid growth of the index are the remarkable achievements made in corresponding areas of intellectual property creation.
In 2019, the number of domestic invention patents authorized in China was 354,000 (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan), which is 4.8 times of that in 2010; the number of domestic trademark registrations was 6.028 million (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan), which is 5.2 times of that in 2010; the domestic copyright registration volume was 4.186 million, which is 9.5 times of that in 2010; a total of 56,000 domestic PCT international patent applica-tions have been accepted, which is 4.8 times of those in 2010; Chinese applicants of the Madrid Trademark reached 6,461, which is 3.4 times of those in 2010; the number of invention patents per 10,000 people was 13.3, which is 7.6 times of that in 2010.
In 2019, the average duration of domestic invention patents in China is 6.6 years, an increase of one year compared with 2010, which reflects the steady improvement of the quality of Chinese patents under the economic leverage of the patent payment system.
Continuous improvements in quality Since 2010, China’s intellectual property utilization index has shown a steady growth trend, with an average annual growth rate of 9.9%.
The efficiency of using intellectual property rights, which has effectively promoted economic and social development, has become increasingly prominent.
In 2018, the industry added value of China’s copyright industry accounted for 7.37% of GDP, an increase of 0.8% compared with 2010.
The ability of market entities to employ intellectual property rights has gradually improved.
In 2019, the number of patent application rights and patent right transfers was 213,000, which is 35.7 times that of 2010.
In 2019, the number of trademark transfers reached 446,000, which is 7.0 times that of 2010.
In 2018, the volume of China’s technology market contracts was 412,000, with monetary value reaching 1.8 trillion yuan, which is 1.9 times and 5.8 times those of 2009, respectively.
Han Xiucheng said that the effective use of intellectual property rights is inseparable from a good intellectual property protection environment.
In recent years, the construction of China’s judicial protection system has been strengthened in an all-round way, the number of trial cases has doubled, and the quality and efficiency of trials have also been greatly improved.
In 2019, the number of civil, administrative and criminal intellectual property cases newly accepted by Chinese courts was 9.5 times, 7.5 times and 1.3 times those of 2010, respectively; the number of cases involving intellectual property crimes approved by procuratorial organs was 4,346, and the number of prosecutions involving intellectual property crimes was 5,433, which is 2.8 times and 3.2 times higher than those in 2010, respectively.
In addition, all relevant departments and regions have jointly carried out key special work, which has effectively curbed the spread of illegal acts such as infringement, counterfeiting and piracy.
At the same time, the legal system of intellectual property protection is more robust.
In 2019, China completed the revision of the trademark law and issued and implemented the Opinions on Strengthening the Protection of Intellectual Proper-ty Rights.
The effectiveness of China’s intellectual property protection has been generally recognized by the public.
In 2019, social satisfaction with intellectual property protection in China was 78.98 points, 15.29 points higher than in 2012.
Quality and efficiency still need to be improved
With the vigorous development of intellectual property rights in China, there are also obvious deficiencies.
The Report shows that the quality index of intellectual property creation in most regions of China is lower than the quantity index and efficiency index in terms of absolute value of creation quantity, quality and efficiency indexes.
“Examples include the patent maintenance years reflecting the quality of patents, the number of PCT international patent applications, and the number of applications for international trademark registration in Madrid that reflect the overseas distribution of intellectual property rights,” said Han Xiucheng, who believed that the professionalism of China’s intellectual property needs to be further improved.
In addition, from the absolute value of the utilization scale and utilization benefit indexes, the scale index of intellectual property utilization in most regions of the country is higher than the utilization benefit index.
In other words, although more and more intellectual property rights have been used, the benefits are not outstanding, which is in some ways related to the quality of intellectual property rights and the operating environment.
“Continuing to strengthen the construction of the intellectual property system and improve the market environment will be the next development focus of China’s intellectual property.” said Han Xiucheng.