Government officials yesterday highlighted achievements on the implementation of the International Conference on Population and Development, and pledged to continue tackling some issues regarding migration, urbanisation, and human resource development to achieve sustainable development goals.
The ICPD was a long-term, 15-point action plan adopted by the governments of 179 countries, including Cambodia, in 1994.
It aimed to improve people’s welfare, reproductive health, gender equality, access to education, poverty eradication and put an end to gender-based violence.
Chea Chantum, secretary general of the Planning Ministry’s General Secretariat for Population and Development, yesterday said during a press briefing in Phnom Penh that over the past 25 years, the government created national policies in line with the ICPD’s action plan which led to major achievements.
Mr Chantum said that the achievements include the reduction of the poverty rate from 47 percent in 2003 to just over 10 percent now, reduction of maternal and child mortality rate to the lowest level the Kingdom has seen, a boost to education and health promotion, and the reduction of violence against women and children.
“What we have not yet addressed, we will continue to tackle through the implementation of the 2016-2030 national policy with expansion and development of infrastructure, migration management, agricultural extension, human resource development, as well as improving services,” he added.
Tung Rathavy, director of the National Maternal Child Health Centre, said that the Health Ministry was striving to provide equitable health services to all citizens, with an increase in the number of health centres from 500 in 1994 to 1,200 centres now.
She said that it also reduced maternal and child mortality rates to the lowest level in line with ICPD’s action plan.
“The ministry will continue to address some challenges in the health sector by setting up a strategic plan and policies to improve the health sector and provide better services to the people,” she said.
Daniel Alemu, United Nations Population Fund representative to Cambodia, hailed the government for its achievements in developing the Kingdom in line with the ICPD’s action plan.
However, he said that Cambodia and some other member countries still have some challenges to deal with, such as women and girls who still suffer from violence and lack of better services.
“It is important that the government of each country review what has been and has not been achieved to ensure the implementation of sustainable development policies in line with the ICPD targets for 2030, especially to ensure that no one is left behind,” he said.
A Cambodian delegation is scheduled to visit Nairobi, Kenya next month to attend an ICPD summit and meet leaders of other nations to reiterate the Kingdom’s commitment to supporting and implementing sustainable development programmes.