WASHINGTON (Reuters) – US Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said on Tuesday that he plans to step down next month, a sudden resignation that calls into question how the agency will handle issues such as surging e-cigarette use among teens and efforts to increase competition in prescription drugs.
Mr Gottlieb was well regarded by public health advocates and won bipartisan support for his efforts to curb use of flavoured e-cigarettes by youths, speed approval times for cheap generic medicines to increase competition and bring down drug prices, and boost the use of cheaper versions of expensive biotech medicines called biosimilars.
Unlike his predecessors, who said drug pricing was not the purview of the FDA, Mr Gottlieb waded into the intensifying debate about the high cost of medicines for US consumers and had the agency actively looking into possible solutions.
“Scott’s leadership inspired historic results from the FDA team, which delivered record approvals of both innovative treatments and affordable generic drugs, while advancing important policies to confront opioid addiction, tobacco and youth e-cigarette use,” Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Alex Azar said in a statement.
Mr Gottlieb, who said he wanted to spend more time with his wife and three young children in Connecticut, was nominated by President Donald Trump in part to aid in Mr Trump’s anti-regulation agenda. But Mr Gottlieb took an aggressive stance toward e-cigarette makers, such as Juul Labs Inc.
On Monday, he confronted 15 retailers including Walgreens Boots Alliance, Kroger Co and Walmart Inc, for illegally selling tobacco products to children. In early February, the FDA pursued enforcement actions against some Walgreen and Circle K locations.
But Mr Gottlieb ran into fierce opposition from anti-regulation groups, such as Americans for Tax Reform, and former FDA officials, who said the agency’s regulatory efforts would destroy thousands of jobs.
A coalition of these groups wrote Mr Trump last month asking him to “immediately halt the Food and Drug Administration’s aggressive regulatory assault” on e-cigarette businesses.
Following news of Mr Gottlieb’s resignation, the Nasdaq Biotechnology Index turned negative.
It closed down 0.5 percent as shares of Amgen Inc erased gains and Gilead Sciences Inc shares fell further. Shares of British American Tobacco Plc rose after the news on Mr Gottlieb, who had signalled his intention to also go after menthol and other flavoured cigarette products.
“He made proposals that were unprecedented in their breadth, scope and, if they were adopted, likely impact,” said Matthew Myers, president of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “But they were just proposals.”
Mr Gottlieb’s campaign against flavoured e-cigarettes followed preliminary federal data showing teenage use had surged by more than 75 percent since last year, which the FDA described as an “epidemic.”
Under Mr Gottlieb, the FDA proposed a ban on the sale of fruit- and candy-flavoured electronic cigarettes in convenience stores and gas stations. The FDA also proposed stricter age-verification requirements for online sales of e-cigarettes.
“Scott has helped us to lower drug prices, get a record number of generic drugs approved and onto the market, and so many other things. He and his talents will be greatly missed!” Mr Trump said on Twitter on Tuesday.
Mr Trump picked Mr Gottlieb to lead the agency in March 2017 and he was confirmed by the Senate in May of that year.
The Washington Post first reported on Tuesday that Mr Gottlieb planned to resign.