The Health Ministry yesterday issued guidelines on how people can prevent illnesses during extremely hot weather caused by the El Nino phenomenon.
Ly Sovann, Communicable Disease Control Department director, yesterday said that people should drink boiled water regularly and avoid drinking too much alcohol or water with excessive sugar, which can lead to dehydration.
He said people should also supplement salt and minerals lost through sweating, wear light coloured and loose clothing, rest often in the shade while outdoors and avoid keeping children inside parked cars.
“Avoid heaty food or eating too much because it will increase the body temperature and also reduce exposure to the sun during the day, especially in hot places such as the riverside or seaside,” Mr Sovann said.
According to an advisory by the department, excessive heat can cause muscle cramps and fatigue.
It said symptoms of fatigue are excessive sweating and numbness which can lead to rapid heart rates, vomiting and fainting.
The department said that fainting can occur when the body temperature is over 39.5 degrees Celsius and the skin becomes hot, reddish and dry.
Mr Sovann added that in addition to taking protective measures during the hot weather, people should also wash fruits and vegetables and cook them properly to avoid getting diarrhoea, vomiting and fever.
He said that they should not eat food that has been kept at room temperature for many days.
“If there is a health problem that causes diarrhoea, vomiting and fever, please seek medical treatment at the nearest health centre or hospital,” Mr Sovann added.
The ministry’s advisory comes after the government, early this year, said that the Kingdom will be indirectly affected by the El Nino phenomenon which will cause temperatures to rise to between 40 degrees and 42 degrees Celsius in April and May.
Last week, the Water Resources and Meteorology Ministry said that from Wednesday until tomorrow, temperatures in the Kingdom will go up by between one degree and two degrees due to low pressure during the northeastern monsoon.
Keo Vy, National Committee for Disaster Management spokesman, recently said that the government and relevant ministries have taken action to address water shortages arising from hot weather.