KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) – An alliance of opposition parties spearheaded by Dr Mahathir Mohamad won Malaysia’s general election, official results showed yesterday, setting the veteran strongman on course for a return to the prime minister’s office he occupied for 22 years.
Dr Mahathir’s stunning defeat of the coalition that ruled the Southeast Asian country since independence from Britain six decades ago means that, at the age of 92, he will become the oldest elected leader in the world.
Official results showed that Dr Mahathir’s Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope) won 113 of parliament’s 222 seats, clinching the simple majority required to rule.
Prime Minister Najib Razak’s ruling coalition, Barisan Nasional (BN), had 79.
Dr Mahathir told a news conference he expected to be sworn in as prime minister late yesterday.
“The time for change has come, and I hope the people in power realise this,” said Asifa Hanifah, a young woman who joined thousands of opposition supporters in central Kuala Lumpur who waved flags, cheered and honked car horns.
Few expected Dr Mahathir to prevail against a coalition that has long relied on the support of the country’s ethnic-Malay majority.
However, he joined hands with his one-time protege, the jailed politician Anwar Ibrahim, and together their alliance exploited public disenchantment over the cost of living and a multi-billion-dollar scandal that has dogged Najib since 2015.
Dr Mahathir has promised to seek a royal pardon for Anwar if they won the election and, once Anwar is free, to step aside and let him become prime minister.
Several key roads in the heart of the capital, where violence between races played out in the past, were blocked off by police as evidence grew that Najib’s coalition was on the back foot. The police appealed for calm and said in a statement that, for now, the situation was under control.
Najib’s United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) party postponed an evening news conference and said Najib, who has ruled the country for nearly 10 years, would address the media at 9:45am yesterday.
Malaysia’s currency weakened in offshore trading on the election result, with the ringgit one-month non-deliverable forward falling 2.4 percent to 4.07 against the dollar.
The national stock exchange Bursa Malaysia said trading would be suspended yesterday and today in line with public holidays declared by the government.
Stocks and the ringgit currency could take a hit on uncertainties over the newly elected alliance’s fiscal and economic policies.
The reverse for UMNO, the dominant partner in BN, takes Malaysia into uncharted political terrain, said Keith Leong, head of research at the KRA Group consultancy. “We are witnessing history being made in this country,” he said.
Ethnic-Malay Muslims have long tended to support BN for affirmative-action policies that give them government contracts, cheap housing and guaranteed university admissions.
Dr Mahathir’s alliance, which counts on urban votes and support from the minority ethnic Chinese and Indian communities, hoped the veteran Malay leader would win over voters usually loyal to BN. That strategy appeared to have paid off.
“There has been a significant shift in the Malay vote,” said Rashaad Ali, an analyst with the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore.
Dr Mahathir’s opposition wrested control of key states Johor and Kedah, and reduced BN’s grip in strongholds like Sarawak.
Dr Mahathir is a polarising figure and many voters are suspicious of him because of his iron-fist rule as prime minister from 1981 to 2003.
But 64-year-old Najib’s popularity dropped sharply over the past three years, partly due to a scandal over 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), a state fund from which billions of dollars were allegedly siphoned off.