YANGON (AFP) – Myanmar is building security installations on top of razed Rohingya villages, Amnesty International said yesterday, casting doubt on plans to repatriate hundreds of thousands of refugees.
Nearly 700,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled northern Rakhine state to Bangladesh since Myanmar launched a brutal crackdown six months ago that the US and UN have called ethnic cleansing.
Myanmar rejects that term, saying it was responding to attacks by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army in late August. But critics accuse the military of using the insurgent attacks to launch disproportionate, scorched-earth “clearance operations” as a pretext to push out the loathed minority.
The new Amnesty report, “Remaking Rakhine State”, uses satellite imagery and interviews to point to a rapid increase in military infrastructure and other construction since the start of the year that researchers say amounts to a “land grab”.
“The new evidence and the rebuilding that Amnesty has documented in our latest research shows that the Myanmar authorities are building over the top of the very places the Rohingya need to return to,” Tirana Hassan, Amnesty’s crisis response director, revealed to AFP. “In some instances there has been the destruction of existing homes.”
Though admitting the images only paint a partial picture, the rights group says structures for security forces, helipads and even roads have been built in and around torched Rohingya properties.
Satellite imagery of one village called Kan Kya on the outskirts of Maungdaw town taken two months after the August attacks shows a settlement scarred by fire.
But by early March buildings could be seen on the revamped land. Amnesty believes they are part of a new base for security forces.
Similar building activity was also detected in Inn Din village, where Myanmar has admitted that its security forces took part in the killings of 10 Rohingya residents in September.
Myanmar and Bangladesh were supposed to start repatriating Rohingya refugees in late January but many are reluctant to return to a place without guarantees of basic rights and safety.